The geology and topography of Northern Michigan are the results of several periods of glaciation over the past million years. The last glacier to impact our area, known as the Wisconsin glacier, receded about 10,000 years ago. As the glacier-formed and moved south from the Canadian Shield, it brought with it a mixture of boulders, gravel, and sand that was deposited and is referred to as glacial moraine.
In some areas, huge blocks of ice remained as the glaciers receded. When this ice melted, steep valleys, hills, and holes were carved into the landscape. The most uniform, cone-shaped holes are called kettles. There are several excellent examples of kettle moraine in the common area of CVR. Sometimes, as is the case in one special kettle at CVR, a layer of clay on the bottom of the kettle allows standing water to accumulate and a bog or wetland developed.
This glacial landscape was eventually stabilized by vegetation and became densely forested. Today, the rolling ridges at Cedar Valley Ridge are home to a lush, diverse forest of maple, oak, beech, white pine, ironwood, witch hazel, hemlock, and tamarack as well as numerous varieties of native bushes, plants, and grasses. This diversity continues well beyond the 177 acres that comprise Cedar Valley Ridge. Nearby are hundreds of acres of Michigan State land which also reflect this dramatic natural ecology.
The diverse natural environment of Cedar Valley Ridge is simply enchanting!